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Although cucumber allergies are not frequently reported, they can have negative effects. The Cucurbitaceae plant family, which also includes melons and pumpkins, includes cucumbers. There are frequent reports of hypersensitivity reactions to other fruits (see below). Long, lean, and green cucumbers are common garden vegetables. Although they are technically fruits related to watermelons and pumpkins, most people regard them as vegetables. Native to India, cucumbers taste somewhat melon-like and occasionally can be slightly bitter.
Cucumbers have many health advantages, including the ability to keep you hydrated and prevent constipation. They are also high in fiber. An ounce of cucumbers has five calories and only trace amounts of nutrients. They contain vitamins K and A. Various adverse reactions, including latex-fruit syndrome, oral allergy syndrome, and anaphylaxis, have been linked to cucumber.
People who are allergic to latex may also experience reactions to cucumbers because of their similar protein compositions. Bananas, kiwis, chestnuts, and papaya are additional foods in this group. Of those with latex allergies, 30–50% experience these reactions.
Lips and tongue swelling, along with mouth itching, are common symptoms of an oral allergy syndrome. Oral allergy syndrome symptoms to cucumber can be described by people allergic to ragweed pollen. This is a cross-reactivity of the proteins to the ragweed pollen, not a true cucumber allergy. Fruit can be heated for treatment, or it can simply be avoided. In this category are also foods like bananas, melons, sunflower seeds, and zucchini.
Hives, swelling, wheezing, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, and low blood pressure are some of the symptoms of anaphylaxis that can happen. IgE mast cell degranulation results from this. To test for avocado allergy, one can use allergy skin testing, particular IgE lab testing, and fresh food skin testing with avocado.
High Salicylates-People who are sensitive to salicylates may experience symptoms of gastrointestinal food intolerance after eating cucumber because it contains a lot of salicylates.
Thus, there are various ways that people can respond to cucumbers. An allergist can perform the necessary tests to confirm or exclude a diagnosis of clinical allergy and can assist in determining what kind of reaction one is experiencing to cucumber. If someone has a cucumber allergy but not a latex/fruit or oral allergy, they should be prescribed an epinephrine autoinjector.
Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Medical GroupTired of battling with allergies? Stop suffering today and call 805-658-9500 one of the doctors at Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Medical Group is ready to help you regain control of your life.